Candidates?

In-vitro fertilization is ideal for;
• The couples who can not have a baby through regular unprotected intercourse or after 12 cycles of artificial insemination,
• Other techniques, such as the use of fertility drugs or intrauterine insemination (IUI), have not worked,
• Either partner has received a diagnosis of unexplained infertility, or a permanent damage due to a surgical operation,
• The woman’s fallopian tubes are blocked because of any reasons,
• The men who have oligospermia problem( little sperm or no sperm in semens but in their testises)

Procedure

• It involves fertilizing an egg outside the body, in a laboratory dish, and then implanting it in a woman’s uterus.
• Firstly the woman receives a drug, usually in the form of a daily injection for about 2 weeks, to suppress their natural menstrual cycle to increase the FSH level .
• Fertility drugs containing the fertility hormone follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) are given to the woman. FSH makes the ovaries produce more eggs than usual. 4-5 times vaginal ultrasound scans is necessary to monitor the process in the ovaries.
• The eggs are collected through a minor surgical procedure known as “follicular aspiration.” A very thin needle is inserted through the vagina and into an ovary. The needle is which is connected to a suction device. This sucks the eggs out. This process lasts 15 minutes under local or general anaesthesia.
• Then the eggs that have been collected are placed together with male sperm and kept in an environmentally controlled chamber. After a few hours, the sperm should enter the egg.
• If sperm speed is low; the sperm is directly injected into the egg. This is known as an intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).
• The fertilized egg divides and becomes an embryo. It takes 5-7 days.
• One or two of the best embryos (according to international IVF standards one embryo under 35 age, two embryos over 35 age) are selected and transfered via ultrasound scan ( The other healty embryos are freezed. )
• 12 days after the transfer; pregnancy test is done and ıf the tests result is positive; normal pregnancy periods starts.
• If the the test result is negative; the frozen embryos are used for second transfer so that the woman do not need to use any drugs again.